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To address the trade deficit, efforts were made to find British products that could be sold to the Chinese. The others waited outside. Having received word that the British ships were beset with illness, Qianlong instructed the viceroy of Zhejiang to ensure the British were quarantined at Zhoushan.
After making repairs, the Lion and Hindostan resumed their voyage without the Jackall, which had gone missing in the storm. Moreover, as the governor noted in his report to the emperor, the embassy had journeyed a great distance, and would be greatly delayed if sent back to Guangzhou from Tianjin. According to such a view, the British embassy was regarded officially as a tribute mission like any other. Tremblingly obey and show no negligence!
The British officials pointed out, however, that the ships carried many large, precious items that might be damaged if taken overland. After waiting five days for the Jackall, they continued on their journey. Artists William Alexander and Thomas Hickey would produce drawings and paintings of the mission's events.
Macartney replied with instructions for Gower to continue on to Guangzhou, but Zhengrui secretly forwarded the letter to the emperor at Rehe instead of dispatching it to Zhoushan. The painter William Alexander accompanied the embassy, and published numerous engravings based on his watercolours. The kowtow was required not only when meeting the emperor, but also when receiving imperial edicts from his messengers. Banks advised the embassy to gather as many plants as possible in their travels, especially tea plants.
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It was escorted to a residence north of Beijing, near the Old Summer Palace. Barrow and Dinwiddie were responsible for assembling and arranging the gifts. Anticipating that these vessels with their deep hulls would not be able to proceed upstream past Tianjin, they hired boats to carry the mission and its cargo to the capital. Mike married in and later divorced Angela Fishwick. The Jackall itself, however, rejoined the squadron at Jakarta, after having turned back for repairs after the storm that had struck the ships at the start of their voyage.
Fortunately, the gifts to be presented to the emperor were stored on the Lion and the Hindostan. Liang agreed to permit the Lion and Hindostan to return to Zhoushan at Macartney's request.
Macartney suffered an attack of gout which lasted a month. The British were seated on the emperor's left, in the most prestigious position.
However, Macartney convinced the viceroy to permit some of the gifts to be left in Beijing to avoid damaging them on the journey to Rehe. The ceremony was to be held in the imperial tent, a large yellow yurt which contained the emperor's throne at the center of a raised platform. The Company made a concerted effort starting in the s to finance the tea trade with opium. The instructions stated that it may be useful for him to visit Japan to establish trade relations, particularly to enable a trade in tea. Dundas, who had become Home Secretary, suggested in that Macartney himself take up the mission instead.
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With no agreement in sight and the ceremony only days away, Qianlong grew increasingly impatient, and considered scrapping the meeting altogether. As Thomas had studied the Chinese language, the emperor beckoned him to speak a few words. Macartney believed that Britain was now the most powerful nation on Earth. At this time, botanists were not yet aware that a variety of the tea plant camellia sinensis var. After the failure of the Cathcart Embassy, Macartney proposed that another attempt be made under his friend Sir George Staunton.
William Alexander, who stayed behind in Beijing, expressed regret at being unable to see the Wall for himself. Some of the men, meanwhile, took bricks from the Wall as souvenirs. The mission continued up the Hai River on small boats pulled by men along the shore using ropes and harnesses.
There is therefore no need to import the manufactures of outside barbarians in exchange for our own produce. Several thousand attendees were present, including other foreign visitors, viceroy Liang Kentang and the emperor's son, the future Jiaqing Emperor.
Thomas Staunton spent the voyage studying Chinese with the mission's interpreters. They were familiar with Latin, but not English. During the reign of Qianlong's grandfather Kangxi, an imperial city was built near the hunting grounds at Chengde to house the emperor and his entourage while he was away from Beijing.
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Individually, McCartney released a few more singles. McCartney decided to use a stage name, so as not to appear to be riding his brother's coattails. The other two were priests returning to China, umbenennen dating sites to whom Staunton offered free passage to Macau. More British subjects had been trading in China than any other Europeans.
The emperor had sent instructions to every port in China to provide pilots to guide the British visitors, and the governor did so. The Qianlong Emperor agreed to the request, and instructed his officials to lead the embassy to him with the utmost civility. The gifts brought by the embassy were stored amongst other tribute items in the throne room at the Old Summer Palace, which Macartney was the first Briton to visit. Sir George Staunton was charged with producing the official account of the expedition after their return.
Accordingly, David Stronach and John Haxton served as the embassy's botanical gardeners. He was also to establish a permanent embassy in Beijing so as to create a direct line of communication between the two governments, cutting out the Cantonese merchants who had served as middlemen.
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